Workers’ Rights Explained

Workers’ rights are a set of principles defined by the “International Labor Organization” ((ILO), a United Nations agency aimed at ensuring fair, healthy, and equitable working conditions for employees by establishing international labor standards through conventions and treaties such as the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Articles 23 and 24, 1948)” and the “International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966)”.

The ILO has nearly 190 member nations that have implemented these principles into their own laws. This implies that these principles, which cover a wide range of human rights, from the right to safe working conditions to protection against discrimination, are enforceable in all ILO member nations.

As a result, as an employee, your rights are protected, and you may demand that your employer follow these international labor standards.

Employment Law

Employment law is a branch of law that deals with the rights, duties, and responsibilities that arise from the employer-employee relationship. Wages, workplace safety, discrimination, and wrongful termination are all covered under employment legislation.

Employment attorneys often represent either employers or workers, but seldom both. Employee representatives may engage with unions or directly with workers to pursue lawsuits against companies or negotiate settlements for a variety of concerns.

The following are examples of common employee concerns that end in complaints to the “Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)” or lawsuits:


Employees, and even potential employees, may not be discriminated against because of their gender or nationality.

Sexual Harassment:

This is a kind of gender discrimination that happens when unwanted sexual conduct occurs in the workplace, based on harassment of a sexual nature. Unwanted sexual comments or physical touch are examples of this.

Wage and Hour:

Your employer must, by law, pay at least the minimum wage, to pay overtime when working more than 40 hours a week, and to follow other wage and hour requirements.

Wrongful Termination:

Employers are not allowed to terminate you in retaliation for filing a legal complaint or for possessing protected qualities (such as race, gender, pregnancy, etc.).

Employers With Few Staff:

It should be noted that firms with fewer than a specified number of workers are not subject to some employment rules. The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), for example, only applies to enterprises with 50 or more workers, depending on the state and statute.

In addition, workers are usually required to work a particular number of days before they are entitled to the protection of certain laws.

Seeking Advice

Speak with a local employment lawyer to properly grasp the state and federal employment regulations that pertain to your situation. If you suspect your employer has infringed on your rights, get legal advice as quickly as possible, from the